Gamma Linolenic Acid (GLA)
GLA is an omega-6 fatty acid with health benefits that are similar and complementary to the benefits of omega-3 fatty acids. Among its many benefits, GLA has been shown to have significant anti-inflammatory effects. Areas where GLA may be beneficial include infant nutrition, atopic eczema, dermatitis, diabetic neuropathy, breast pain, premenstrual syndrome symptoms, rheumatoid arthritis, high blood pressure, skin health and general inflammation.
Previously, the two main sources of dietary GLA were evening primrose oil and borage oil, containing 10 percent and 20 percent GLA, respectively. However, primrose and borage plants are difficult to cultivate commercially, making these oils difficult and expensive to produce.
Arcadia’s GLA safflower oil has the highest concentration of GLA available in any plant oil at 65 percent. Conventional oils contain only 10 to 20 percent. The high concentration of GLA in Arcadia’s safflower oil, combined with the ease of cultivating safflower, means greater cost savings and higher quality products for companies that produce dietary supplements, nutraceuticals and functional foods.
Arachidonic Acid (ARA)
ARA is an omega-6 fatty acid that is present in mother’s milk and plays a critical role in the neural and visual development of infants. ARA is one of the most abundant fatty acids in the brain, and neurological health is reliant upon sufficient levels of ARA. The use of ARA oil in infant formulas has been shown to provide developmental benefits similar to breastfeeding, and its use has been reviewed and supported by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration, FDA, EFSA, FAO and WHO.
Arcadia has developed a transgenic safflower variety that produces oil with consistently high levels of ARA. Arcadia’s ARA-rich safflower oil will provide a concentrated, reliable, sustainable and cost-effective alternative to support infant development.